Excessive Growth of Engineering Colleges in AP


Andhra Pradesh state government’s ambitious ‘Vision 2020’ is to make AP the ‘knowledge society’ by 2020. Its aim is to make higher education more relevant, purposeful and also to impart skills and knowledge relevant to the emerging job market, particularly the services sector. As part of Vision 2020, the state higher education system is emphasizing on professional courses in areas such as engineering. The higher education department is encouraging private investors to set up engineering colleges.

With a mission to improve engineering courses, it started off well but ran into trouble by approving applications to set up engineering colleges without any controls. Today, with more than 700 colleges and 2.5 lakh seats, AP has the largest number of engineering colleges in India1. In 2008-09, there were about 2,297 engineering colleges in India2, out of which AP had 530, representing almost 25 percent, which means 1 out of 4 engineering colleges in India are from Andhra Pradesh. When it comes to number of seats, there were around 8.19 lakh engineering seats in India2 and about 1.74 lakh seats in AP alone, which means 1 in 5 engineering seats in India are from AP only.


Growth of engineering colleges
If you closely observe the growth in engineering colleges in the past decade, you can clearly see that it is taking a side track. In the academic year, 1994-95, there were 32 engineering colleges with 9,335 seats3. Five years later in 2000-01, there were 107 colleges with an intake of 30,896 students only4.

In 2001, the state government proposed to increase the seats in engineering colleges by 15 percent every year3. This was conducive to rapid growth in engineering colleges over the past decade. According to the proposal, it was projected that there would be 245 engineering colleges with an annual intake of 70,000 students by 2005. As a result there were 238 colleges with 82,225 seats by 2004-05 (12,225 seats more than what was projected)4.

This growth of engineering colleges never looked back from that point as increasing number of private investors started owning engineering colleges. In the next 5 years (2005-10), there was a huge growth – more than 650 colleges with more than 2.25 lakh seats were available in 2010.

Sl.No. Year No. of colleges No. of seats YoY growth
Colleges Seats
1 1994 – 1995 32 9335 N/A N/A
2 1995 – 1996 37 10155 5 820
3 1996 – 1997 37 10455 0 300
4 1997 – 1998 57 14155 20 3700
5 1998 – 1999 89 19773 32 5618
6 1999 – 2000 102 25064 13 5291
7 2000 – 2001 107 30896 5 5832
8 2001 – 2002 174 46090 67 15194
9 2002 – 2003 217 62710 43 16620
10 2003 – 2004 225 65960 8 3250
11 2004 – 2005 238 82225 13 16265
12 2005 – 2006 262 92600 24 10375
13 2006 – 2007 282 98793 20 6193
14 2007 – 2008 337 118993 55 20200
15 2008 – 2009 530 174742 193 55749
16 2009 – 2010 656 226000 126 51258
17 2010 – 2011 705 252000 49 26000

This huge growth of engineering colleges and seats have totally destroyed the value of engineering courses. Due to this huge number of seats, even average and below average students are getting into these professional courses. If this is the situation today, imagine what would be the situation in 2020.

Now, the concerned authorities should take stock of the situation and resolve the issue before it worsens. Is it necessary to focus more on engineering courses ignoring other areas? Today, there is a need to produce skilled workers in a variety of areas in order to help India grow rapidly, not generating large numbers of third grade engineers.


Sources:

  1. http://www.deccanchronicle.com/hyderabad/32000-new-seats-tech-colleges-352
  2. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/886-new-engineering-colleges-1084-B-schools-on-cards/articleshow/4153005.cms
  3. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/apcity/unpan015050.pdf
  4. http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/252188/ANDHRA%20PRADESH%20Case%20Study.pdf

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One Response to “Excessive Growth of Engineering Colleges in AP”

  1. book stores hyderabad

    you are right that is the reason quality of education in colleges under JNTU is not good as compared to other colleges outside Andhra Pradesh. it would be better if government would reconsider to check the quality of colleges and their requirements

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