Types of Vulnerability of the Poor

Economic Vulnerability: Irregular/casual employment, low paid work, lack of access to credit on reasonable terms, lack of access to formal safety net mechanisms, low ownership of productive assets, poor net worth, legal constraints to self – employment.

Social Vulnerability: Low education, lack of skills, low social capital/cast status, inadequate access to food security programmes, lack of access to health services, exclusion from local institutions.

Helath-related Vulnerability: Proneness to ill-health, occupation related health hazards, morbidity and malnutrition.

Disaster – related Vulnerability: Exposure to disasters like fire, floods, and road accidents.

Housing Vulnerability: Lack of tenure, poor quality shelter without ownership rights, no access to individual water connections, toilets, unhealthy and unsanitary living conditions.

Personal and Psychological Vulnerability: Proneness to violence or intimidation of women, children and elderly, disabled and destitute, lack of information, lack of access to justice.

Source: Urban Poverty in India

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One Response to Types of Vulnerability of the Poor

  1. Manish on July 2, 2014 at 12:09 am

    Nice data.

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